Publications

2019

Boone, A. P., Maghen, B. & Hegarty, M. (2019). Instructions matter: Individual and sex differences in navigation strategy and ability. Memory & Cognition. doi.org/10.3758/s13421-019-00941-5

Friedman, A., Kohler, B., Gunalp, P., Boone, A. P., & Hegarty, M. (2019). A computerized spatial orientation test. Behavior Research Methods, 1-14. doi.org/10.3758/s13428-019-01277-3

Gunalp, P., Moossaian, T., & Hegarty, M. (2019). Spatial perspective taking: Effects of social, directional, and interactive cues. Memory & Cognition, 1-13. doi.org/10.3758/s13421-019-00910-y

2018

Boone, A. P., Gunalp, P., & Hegarty, M. (2018). Explicit versus actionable knowledge: The influence of explaining graphical conventions on comprehension of hurricane forecast visualizations. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied24(3). doi.org/10.1037/xap0000166

Boone, A. P., Gong, X., & Hegarty, M. (2018). Sex differences in navigation strategy and efficiency. Memory & Cognition, 46(6). doi.org/10.3758/s13421-018-0811-y

Burte, H., Turner, B. O., Miller, M. B., & Hegarty, M. (2018). The neural basis of individual differences in directional sense. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience12doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2018.00410

Hegarty, M., Burte, H., & Boone, A. P. (2018). Individual differences in large-scale spatial abilities and strategies. In Handbook of Behavioral and Cognitive Geography. doi.org/10.4337/9781784717544.00022

Hegarty, M. (2018). Ability and sex differences in spatial thinking: What does the mental rotation test really measure? Psychonomic Bulletin & Review25(3), 1212-1219. doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1347-z

Padilla, L. M., Creem-Regehr, S. H., Hegarty, M., & Stefanucci, J. K. (2018). Decision making with visualizations: a cognitive framework across disciplines. Cognitive Research: Principles and Implications3(1), 29. doi.org/10.1186/s41235-018-0120-9

Stull, A. T., Gainer, M. J., & Hegarty, M. (2018). Learning by enacting: The role of embodiment in chemistry education. Learning and Instruction55, 80-92. doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2017.09.008

2017

Boone, A. P., & Hegarty, M. (2017). Sex differences in mental rotation tasks: Not just in the mental rotation process! Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 43(7). doi.org/10.1037/xlm0000370

Hegarty, M. (2017). Ability and sex differences in spatial thinking: What does the mental rotation test really measure? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review. doi.org/10.3758/s13423-017-1347-z

Liu, L. Boone, A., Ruginski, I., Padilla, L., Hegarty, M., Creem-Regehr, S. H., et al. (2017). Uncertainty visualization by representative sampling from prediction ensembles. IEEE Transactions on Visualization and Computer Graphics, 23(9). doi.org/10.1109/TVCG.2016.2607204

2016

Barrett, T. J., & Hegarty, M. (2016). Effects of interface and spatial ability on manipulation of virtual models in a STEM domain. Computers in Human Behavior, 65, 220–231. doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2016.06.026

Hegarty, M., Friedman, A., Boone, A. P., & Barrett, T. J. (2016). Where are you? The effect of uncertainty and its visual representation on location judgments in GPS-like displays. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied. doi.org/10.1037/xap0000103

Ruginski, I. T., Boone, A. P., Padilla, L. M., Liu, L., Heydari, N., Kramer, H. S., et al. (2016). Non-expert interpretations of hurricane forecast uncertainty visualizations. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 16, 154-172. doi:10.1080/13875868.2015.1137577

Shine, J. P., Valdés-Herrera, J. P., Hegarty, M., & Wolbers, T. (2016). The human retrosplenial cortex and thalamus code head direction in a global reference frame. Journal of Neuroscience, 36(24). doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1268-15.2016

Stull, A. T., Gainer, M., Padalkar, S., & Hegarty, M. (2016). Promoting representational competence with molecular models in organic chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education. doi.org/10.1021/acs.jchemed.6b00194

Stull, A. T., & Hegarty, M. (2016). Model manipulation and learning: Fostering representational competence with virtual and concrete models. Journal of Educational Psychology, 108(4), 509–527. doi.org/10.1037/edu0000077

Tarampi, M. R., Atit, K., Petcovic, H. L., Shipley, T. F., & Hegarty, M. (2016). Spatial skills in expert structural geologists. AAPG Special Volumes, In B. Krantz, C. Ormand & B. Freeman (Eds.), 3D Structural Interpretation: Earth, Mind, and Machine, 73. doi:10.1306/13561986M1113672

Tarampi, M. R., Heydari, N., & Hegarty, M. (2016). A tale of two types of perspective taking: Sex differences in spatial ability. Psychological Science. doi:10.1177/0956797616667459

2015

Barrett, T. J., Stull, A. T., Hsu, T. M., & Hegarty, M. (2015). Constrained interactivity for relating multiple representations in science: When virtual is better than real. Computers & Education, 81, 69–81. doi.org/10.1016/j.compedu.2014.09.009

Condon, D. M., Cohen, C. A., Revelle, W., Hegarty, M., & Uttal, D. H. (2015). Sense of direction: General factor saturation and association with the Big-Five traits. Personality & Individual Differences, (86). doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.05.023

Davies, C., Fabrikant, S. I., & Hegarty, M. (2015). Toward empirically verified cartographic displays. Handbook of Applied Perception Research. Cambridge, MA: Cambridge University Press. doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511973017.043

Hegarty, M., Stieff, M., & Dixon, B. (2015). Reasoning with diagrams: Towards a broad ontology of spatial thinking strategies. In Space in mind: Concepts for Spatial Learning and Education (pp. 75-98). Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

McKenzie, G., Hegarty, M., Barrett, T., & Goodchild, M. (2015). Assessing the effectiveness of different visualizations for judgments of positional uncertainty. International Journal of Geographical Information Science, 1–19. doi.org/10.1080/13658816.2015.1082566

Padalkar, S., & Hegarty, M. (2015). Models as feedback: Developing representational competence in chemistry. Journal of Educational Psychology, 107, 451. doi.org/10.1037/a0037516

Xiao, C., Lian, Y., & Hegarty, M. (2015). Spatial updating of map-acquired representation. Memory & Cognition, 1–11. doi.org/10.3758/s13421-015-0520-8

2014

Adams, D. M., Stull, A. T., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Effects of mental and manual rotation training on mental and manual rotation performance. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 14, 169–198. doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2014.913050

Barrett, T. J., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Interaction design and the role of spatial ability in moderating virtual molecule manipulation performance. In P. Bello, M. Guarini, M. McShane, & B. Scassellati (Eds.) Proceedings of the 36th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Austin, TX: Cognitive Science Society. doi:0.13140/2.1.2600.3204

Cohen, C. A., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Visualizing cross sections: Training spatial thinking using interactive animations and virtual objects. Learning and Individual Differences, 33, 63–71. doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2014.04.002

Hegarty, M. (2014). Multimedia learning and the development of mental models. In Handbook of Multimedia (2nd ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Hegarty, M. (2014). Spatial thinking in undergraduate science education. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 14, 142–167. doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2014.889696

Hegarty, M., Stieff, M., & Dixon, B. (2014). Reasoning with diagrams: Toward a broad ontology of spatial thinking strategies. Space in Mind: Concepts for Spatial Learning and Education, 75.

Janelle, D. G., Hegarty, M., & Newcombe, N. S. (2014). Spatial thinking across the college curriculum: A report on a specialist meeting. Spatial Cognition & Computation, 14, 124–141. doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2014.888558

Stieff, M., Dixon, B. L., Ryu, M., Kumi, B. C., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Strategy training eliminates sex differences in spatial problem solving in a stem domain. Journal of Educational Psychology, 106, 390.

Zwick, R., Zapata-Rivera, D., & Hegarty, M. (2014). Comparing graphical and verbal representations of measurement error in test score reports. Educational Assessment, 19, 116–138. doi.org/10.1080/10627197.2014.903653

2013

Barrett, T. J., & Hegarty, M. (2013). Interface design and spatial cognition: A case of virtual molecule manipulation. In Proceedings of CogSci2013: 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society.

Burte, H., & Hegarty, M. (2013). Individual and strategy differences in an allocentric-heading recall task. In Proceedings of CogSci2013: 35th Annual Conference of the Cognitve Science Society. Berlin, Germany. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/4t92c5wh

Hegarty, M. (2013). Cognition, metacognition, and the design of maps. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 22, 3–9. doi.org/10.1177/0963721412469395

Hegarty, M., Stieff, M., & Dixon, B. L. (2013). Cognitive change in mental models with experience in the domain of organic chemistry. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 25, 220–228. doi.org/10.1080/20445911.2012.725044

Khooshabeh, P., Hegarty, M., & Shipley, T. F. (2013). Individual differences in mental rotation: Piecemeal versus holistic processing. Experimental psychology, 60, 164.

McKenzie, G., Barrett, T. J., Hegarty, M., Thompson, W., & Goodchild, M. (2013). Assessing the effectiveness of visualizations for accurate judgements of geospatial uncertainty. In Visually-Supported Reasoning with Uncertainty Workshop, Conference on Spatial Information Theory (COSIT '13). Scarborough, UK.

Stull, A. T., Barrett, T. J., & Hegarty, M. (2013). Usability of concrete and virtual models in chemistry instruction. Computers in Human Behavior, 29, 2546–2556. doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2013.06.012

2012

Burte, H., & Hegarty, M. (2012). Revisiting the relationship between allocentric-heading recall and self-reported sense of direction. In Proceedings of CogSci2012: 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitve Science Society. Sapporo, Japan. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/8dc6k7km

Cohen, C. A., & Hegarty, M. (2012). Inferring cross sections of 3D objects: a new spatial thinking test. Learning and Individual Differences, 22, 868–874. doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2012.05.007

Hegarty, M., Smallman, H. S., & Stull, A. T. (2012). Choosing and using geospatial displays: Effects of design on performance and metacognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 18, 1. doi.org/10.1037/a0026625

Hegarty, M., & Stull, A. T. (2012). Visuospatial thinking. In K. J. Holyoak & R. G. Morrison (Eds.), Oxford library of psychology. The Oxford handbook of thinking and reasoning (pp. 606-630). New York, NY, US: Oxford University Press.

Padalkar, S., & Hegarty, M. (2012). Improving representational competence in chemistry with model-based feedback. Proceedings of CogSci2012: 34th Annual Conference of the Cognitve Science Society, 1–4. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/79v664t7

Stieff, M., Ryu, M., Dixon, B., & Hegarty, M. (2012). The role of spatial ability and strategy preference for spatial problem solving in organic chemistry. Journal of Chemical Education, 89, 854–859. doi.org/10.1021/ed200071d

Stull, A. T., Barrett, T. J., & Hegarty, M. (2012). Design of a virtual reality system for the study of diagram use in organic chemistry. In Diagrams Conference, Technology Enhanced Diagrams Research Workshop. Canterbury, England.

Stull, A. T., Hegarty, M., Dixon, B., & Stieff, M. (2012). Representational translation with concrete models in organic chemistry. Cognition and Instruction, 30, 404–434. doi.org/10.1080/07370008.2012.719956

2011

Adams, D. M., Stull, A. T., Roewer, I., & Hegarty, M. (2011). Effects of using mental and manual rotation training on mental and manual rotation performance. In Proceedings of CogSci 2011: 33rd Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Boston, MA. doi.org/10.1080/13875868.2014.913050

Hegarty, M. (2011). The cognitive science of visual-spatial displays: Implications for design. Topics in Cognitive Science, 3, 446–474. doi.org/10.1111/j.1756-8765.2011.01150.x

Hegarty, M. (2011). The role of spatial thinking in undergraduate science education. Third Committee Meeting on Status, Contributions, and Future Directions of Discipline-Based Education Research. Retrieved from: http://sites.nationalacademies.org/cs/groups/dbassesite/documents/webpage/dbasse_072586.pdf

Stieff, M., Hegarty, M., & Deslongchamps, G. (2011). Identifying representational competence with multi-representational displays. Cognition and Instruction, 29, 123–145. doi.org/10.1080/07370008.2010.507318

2010

Canham, M., & Hegarty, M. (2010). Effects of knowledge and display design on comprehension of complex graphics. Learning and Instruction, 20, 155–166. doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2009.02.014

Fabrikant, S. Irina., Hespanha, S. Rebich., & Hegarty, M. (2010). Cognitively inspired and perceptually salient graphic displays for efficient spatial inference making. Annals of the Association of American Geographers, 100, 13–29. doi.org/10.1080/00045600903362378

Hegarty, M., Canham, M. S., & Fabrikant, S. I. (2010). Thinking about the weather: How display salience and knowledge affect performance in a graphic inference task. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 36, 37. doi.org/10.1037/a0017683

Hegarty, M., Crookes, R. D., Dara-Abrams, D., & Shipley, T. F. (2010). Do all science disciplines rely on spatial abilities? Preliminary evidence from self-report questionnaires. In Spatial Cognition VII (pp. 85–94). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14749-4_10

Hegarty, M. (2010). Components of spatial intelligence. Psychology of Learning and Motivation, 52, 265–297. doi.org/10.1016/S0079-7421(10)52007-3

Khooshabeh, P., & Hegarty, M. (2010). Inferring cross-sections: when internal visualizations are more important than properties of external visualizations. Human–Computer Interaction, 25, 119–147. doi.org/10.1080/07370020903586704

Khooshabeh, P., & Hegarty, M. (2010). Representations of shape during mental rotation. In AAAI Spring Symposium: Cognitive Shape Processing.

Stieff, M., Hegarty, M., & Dixon, B. (2010). Alternative strategies for spatial reasoning with diagrams. In Diagrammatic Representation and Inference (pp. 115–127). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14600-8_13

Stull, A. T., Hegarty, M., & Mayer, R. E. (2010). Anatomy learning with virtual objects. In AAAI Spring Symposium: Cognitive Shape Processing. Retrieved from: https://www.aaai.org/ocs/index.php/SSS/SSS10/paper/view/1073/1381

Stull, A. T., Hegarty, M., Stieff, M., & Dixon, B. (2010). Does manipulating molecular models promote representation translation of diagrams in chemistry? In Diagrammatic Representation and Inference (pp. 338–344). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14600-8_47

Wolbers, T., & Hegarty, M. (2010). What determines our navigational abilities? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 14, 138–146. doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2010.01.001

2009

Hegarty, M., Keehner, M., Khooshabeh, P., & Montello, D. R. (2009). How spatial abilities enhance, and are enhanced by, dental education. Learning and Individual Differences, 19, 61–70. doi.org/10.1016/j.lindif.2008.04.006

Hegarty, M., Smallman, H. S., Stull, A. T., & Canham, M. S. (2009). Naive cartography: How intuitions about display configuration can hurt performance. Cartographica: The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization, 44, 171–186. doi.org/10.3138/carto.44.3.171

Stull, A. T., Hegarty, M., & Mayer, R. E. (2009). Getting a handle on learning anatomy with interactive three-dimensional graphics. Journal of Educational Psychology, 101, 803. doi.org/10.1037/a0016849

2008

Cohen, C. A., & Hegarty, M. (2008). Spatial visualization training using interactive animation. Cogn Instr.

DeLeeuw, K. E., & Hegarty, M. (2008). What diagrams reveal about representations in linear reasoning, and how they help. In Diagrammatic Representation and Inference (pp. 89–102). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-87730-1_11

Hegarty, M., & Kriz, S. (2008). Effects of knowledge and spatial ability on learning from animation. Learning with Animation: Research Implications for Design, 3–29.

Hegarty, M., Smallman, H. S., & Stull, A. T. (2008). Decoupling of intuitions and performance in the use of complex visual displays. Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Washington, DC, USA: Cognitive Science Society, 881–886. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/8hv9x7xc

Keehner, M., Khooshabeh, P., & Hegarty, M. (2008). Individual differences among users: Implications for the design of 3D medical visualizations. User Centered Design for Medical Visualization, 1–24.

Keehner, M., Hegarty, M., Cohen, C., Khooshabeh, P., & Montello, D. R. (2008). Spatial reasoning with external visualizations: What matters is what you see, not whether you interact. Cognitive Science, 32, 1099–1132. doi.org/10.1080/03640210801898177

Khooshabeh, P., Hegarty, M., Keehner, M., & Cohen, C. (2008). Benefits of constrained interactivity in using a three-dimensional diagram. In Diagrammatic Representation and Inference (pp. 385–387). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-87730-1_43

Khooshabeh, P., & Hegarty, M. (2008). Differential effects of color on mental rotation as a function of spatial ability. Spatial Cognition 2008: Poster Presentations, 21.

Khooshabeh, P., & Hegarty, M. (2008). How visual information affects a spatial task. Proceedings of Cognitive Science Society, Washington, DC.

Wolbers, T., Hegarty, M., Büchel, C., & Loomis, J. M. (2008). Spatial updating: how the brain keeps track of changing object locations during observer motion. Nature Neuroscience, 11, 1223–1230. doi.org/10.1038/nn.2189

2007

Cohen, C. A., & Hegarty, M. (2007). Individual differences in use of external visualisations to perform an internal visualisation task. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 21, 701–711.

Cohen, C. A., & Hegarty, M. (2007). Sources of difficulty in imagining cross sections of 3D objects. Proceedings of the Twenty-Ninth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society, 179–184. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/98p7t49b

Hegarty, M., Keehner, M., Cohen, C., Montello, D. R., & Lippa, Y. (2007). The role of spatial cognition in medicine: Applications for selecting and training professionals. Applied Spatial Cognition, 285–315.

Kozhevnikov, M., Motes, M. A., & Hegarty, M. (2007). Spatial visualization in physics problem solving. Cognitive Science, 31, 549–579. doi.org/10.1080/15326900701399897

Kriz, S., & Hegarty, M. (2007). Top-down and bottom-up influences on learning from animations. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 65, 911–930. doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhcs.2007.06.005

Smallman, H. S., & Hegarty, M. (2007). Expertise, spatial ability and intuition in the use of complex visual displays. Proceedings of the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Annual Meeting, 51, 200–204. doi.org/10.1177/154193120705100412

2006

Canham, M. S., & Hegarty, M. (2006). Effects of visual salience and knowledge on inferences from weather maps. Cognitive Science Society 28th Annual Conference, Vancouver, Canada, 26–29. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/96k28038

Hegarty, M., Montello, D. R., Richardson, A. E., Ishikawa, T., & Lovelace, K. (2006). Spatial abilities at different scales: Individual differences in aptitude-test performance and spatial-layout learning. Intelligence, 34, 151–176. doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2005.09.005

Hegarty, M. (2006). Eye fixations and diagrammatic reasoning. In Diagrammatic Representation and Inference (pp. 13–15). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/11783183_3

Keehner, M., Guerin, S. A., Miller, M. B., Turk, D. J., & Hegarty, M. (2006). Modulation of neural activity by angle of rotation during imagined spatial transformations. Neuroimage, 33, 391–398. doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2006.06.043

Keehner, M., Lippa, Y., Montello, D. R., Tendick, F., & Hegarty, M. (2006). Learning a spatial skill for surgery: How the contributions of abilities change with practice. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 20, 487–503. doi.org/10.1002/acp.1198

2005

Anderson, M. L., Barkowsky, T., Berry, P., Blank, D., Chklovski, T., Domingos, P., et al. (2005). Reports on the 2005 AAAI Spring Symposium Series. AI Magazine, 26, 87.

Barkowsky, T., Freksa, C., Hegarty, M., & Lowe, R. K. (2005). Reasoning with mental and external diagrams: Computational modeling and spatial assistance. Proceedings, 21–23. Retrieved from: https://www.aaai.org/Papers/Symposia/Spring/2005/SS-05-06/SS05-06-001.pdf

Hegarty, M., & Waller, D. (2005). Individual differences in spatial abilities. The Cambridge Handbook of Visuospatial Thinking, 121–169.

Hegarty, M. (2005). Multimedia learning about physical systems. The Cambridge Handbook of Multimedia Learning, 447–465.

Hegarty, M., Mayer, S., Kriz, S., & Keehner, M. (2005). The role of gestures in mental animation. Spatial Cognition and Computation, 5, 333–356. doi.org/10.1207/s15427633scc0504_3

Kriz, S., & Hegarty, M. (2005). Spatial perspective in spoken descriptions of real world environments at different scales. Proceedings of XXVII Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Stresa, Italy. Retrieved from: http://csjarchive.cogsci.rpi.edu/proceedings/2005/docs/p1196.pdf

Mayer, R. E., Hegarty, M., Mayer, S., & Campbell, J. (2005). When static media promote active learning: annotated illustrations versus narrated animations in multimedia instruction. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 11, 256. doi.org/10.1037/1076-898X.11.4.256

2004

Hegarty, M., Kozhevnikov, M., & Waller, D. (2004). Spatial orientation test. University of California.

Hegarty, M., & Waller, D. (2004). A dissociation between mental rotation and perspective-taking spatial abilities. Intelligence, 32, 175–191. doi.org/10.1016/j.intell.2003.12.001

Hegarty, M. (2004). Diagrams in the mind and in the world: Relations between internal and external visualizations. In Diagrammatic Representation and Inference (pp. 1–13). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/978-3-540-25931-2_1

Hegarty, M. (2004). Dynamic visualizations and learning: Getting to the difficult questions. Learning and Instruction, 14, 343–351. doi.org/10.1016/j.learninstruc.2004.06.007

Hegarty, M. (2004). Mechanical reasoning by mental simulation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 8, 280–285. doi.org/10.1016/j.tics.2004.04.001

Keehner, M., Cohen, C. A., Hegarty, M., & Montello, D. R. (2004). Cognitive factors and interactivity: Implications for the design and implementation of 3D computer visualizations for medical education. 12th Annual Medicine Meets Virtual Reality (MMVR12) Conference, 14–17.

Keehner, M., Montello, D. R., Hegarty, M., & Cohen, C. (2004). Effects of interactivity and spatial ability on the comprehension of spatial relations in a 3D computer visualization. Annual Meeting of the Cognitive Science Society, Chicago, IL. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/02v8h68v

Keehner, M. M., Tendick, F., Meng, M. V., Anwar, H. P., Hegarty, M., Stoller, M. L., & Duh, Q. - Y. (2004). Spatial ability, experience, and skill in laparoscopic surgery. The American Journal of Surgery, 188, 71–75. doi.org/10.1016/j.amjsurg.2003.12.059

Kriz, S., & Hegarty, M. (2004). Constructing and revising mental models of a mechanical system: The role of domain knowledge in understanding external visualizations. Proceedings of the 26th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/1b2463j5

Montello, D. R., Waller, D., Hegarty, M., & Richardson, A. E. (2004). Spatial memory of real environments, virtual environments, and maps. Human Spatial Memory: Remembering Where, 251–285.

Rice, M., R Jacobson, D., Golledge, R. G., & Hegarty, M. (2004). Non-visual interfaces for interpreting spatial information: Force feedback and auditory interfaces for interpreting on-screen shapes. Cartography and Geographic Information Science (CaGIS).

2003

Hegarty, M., Kriz, S., & Cate, C. (2003). The roles of mental animations and external animations in understanding mechanical systems. Cognition and Instruction, 21, 209–249. doi.org/10.1207/s1532690xci2104_1

Hegarty, M. (2003). Individual differences in interacting with hypermedia manuals. DTIC Document.

2002

Hansen, S., Narayanan, N. H, & Hegarty, M. (2002). Designing educationally effective algorithm visualizations. Journal of Visual Languages & Computing, 13, 291–317. doi.org/10.1006/jvlc.2002.0236

Hegarty, M., Meyer, B., & Narayanan, N. H. (2002). Diagrammatic representation and inference: second international conference, diagrams 2002. Proceedings. Springer-Verlag.

Hegarty, M., Narayanan, N. H., & Freitas, P. (2002). Understanding machines from multimedia and hypermedia presentations. The Psychology of Science Text Comprehension, 357–384.

Hegarty, M., Richardson, A. E., Montello, D. R., Lovelace, K., & Subbiah, I. (2002). Development of a self-report measure of environmental spatial ability. Intelligence, 30, 425–447. doi.org/10.1016/S0160-2896(02)00116-2

Hegarty, M. (2002). Analysis and synthesis of hypermedia visualizations. DTIC Document.

Hegarty, M. (2002). Mental visualizations and external visualizations. Proceedings of the Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Retrieved from https://escholarship.org/uc/item/2qz4k20q

Kozhevnikov, M., Hegarty, M., & Mayer, R. E. (2002). Revising the visualizer-verbalizer dimension: Evidence for two types of visualizers. Cognition and Instruction, 20, 47–77. doi.org/10.1207/S1532690XCI2001_3

Kozhevnikov, M., Hegarty, M., & Mayer, R. (2002). Spatial abilities in problem solving in kinematics. In Diagrammatic Representation and Reasoning (pp. 155–171). Springer London. doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4471-0109-3_9

Meyer, B. E., Narayanan, N. H., & Hegarty, M. (2002). Diagrammatic representation and inference: Second international conference, diagrams 2002, Callaway Gardens, GA, USA, April 18-20, 2002: Proceedings. Springer.

Narayanan, N. H., & Hegarty, M. (2002). Multimedia design for communication of dynamic information. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 57, 279–315. doi.org/10.1006/ijhc.2002.1019

Waller, D., Montello, D. R., Richardson, A. E., & Hegarty, M. (2002). Orientation specificity and spatial updating of memories for layouts. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 28, 1051. doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.28.6.1051

2001

Kozhevnikov, M., & Hegarty, M. (2001). A dissociation between object manipulation spatial ability and spatial orientation ability. Memory & Cognition, 29, 745–756. doi.org/10.3758/BF03200477

Kozhevnikov, M., & Hegarty, M. (2001). Impetus beliefs as default heuristics: Dissociation between explicit and implicit knowledge about motion. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 8, 439–453. doi.org/10.3758/BF03196179

Miyake, A., Friedman, N. P., Rettinger, D. A., Shah, P., & Hegarty, M. (2001). How are visuospatial working memory, executive functioning, and spatial abilities related? A latent-variable analysis. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 130, 621. doi.org/10.1037/0096-3445.130.4.621

2000

Hegarty, M., Shah, P., & Miyake, A. (2000). Constraints on using the dual-task methodology to specify the degree of central executive involvement in cognitive tasks. Memory & Cognition, 28, 376–385. doi.org/10.3758/BF03198553

Hegarty, M. (2000). Capacity limits in diagrammatic reasoning. In Theory and Application of Diagrams, (pp. 194–206). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/3-540-44590-0_19

Narayanan, N.H., & Hegarty, M. (2000). Communicating dynamic behaviors: Are interactive multimedia presentations better than static mixed-mode presentations? In Theory and Application of Diagrams, (pp. 178–193). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/3-540-44590-0_18

Tendick, F., Downes, M., Goktekin, T., Cavusoglu, M. Cenk, Feygin, D., Wu, X., et al. (2000). A virtual environment testbed for training laparoscopic surgical skills. Presence: Teleoperators and Virtual Environments, 9, 236–255. doi.org/10.1162/105474600566772

Tendick, F., & Hegarty, M. (2000). Elucidating, assessing, and training spatial skills in minimally invasive surgery using virtual environments. Proceedings of the AAAI Spring Symposium, 148–155. Retrieved from: https://www.aaai.org/Papers/Symposia/Spring/2000/SS-00-04/SS00-04-023.pdf

1999

Hegarty, M., & Kozhevnikov, M. (1999). Types of visual–spatial representations and mathematical problem solving. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 684. doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.91.4.684

Hegarty, M., Kozhevnikov, M., Gero, J. S., & Tversky, B. (1999). Spatial abilities, working memory and mechanical reasoning. Visual and Spatial Reasoning in Design, 99.

Hegarty, M., Quilici, J., Narayanan, N.H., Holmquist, S., & Moreno, R. (1999). Multimedia instruction: Lessons from evaluation of a theory-based design. Journal of Educational Multimedia and Hypermedia, 8, 119–50.

Kozhevnikov, M., & Hegarty, M. (1999). Representational momentum or representationl impetus. Meeting on Visual and Spatial Reasoning in Design, Cambridge, MA.

Kozhevnikov, M., Hegarty, M., & Mayer, R. (1999). Students' use of imagery in solving qualitative problems in kinematics.

Lovelace, K. L., Hegarty, M., & Montello, D. R. (1999). Elements of good route directions in familiar and unfamiliar environments. In Spatial Information Theory: Cognitive and Computational Foundations of Geographic Information Science (pp. 65–82). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. doi.org/10.1007/3-540-48384-5_5

Montello, D. R., Richardson, A. E., Hegarty, M., & Provenza, M. (1999). A comparison of methods for estimating directions in egocentric space. Perception-London, 28, 981–1000.

Revlin, R., & Hegarty, M. (1999). Resolving signals to cohesion: Two models of bridging inference. Discourse Processes, 27, 77–102. doi.org/10.1068/p280981

Richardson, A. E., Montello, D. R., & Hegarty, M. (1999). Spatial knowledge acquisition from maps and from navigation in real and virtual environments. Memory & cognition, 27, 741–750. doi.org/10.3758/BF03211566

Shah, P., Mayer, R. E., & Hegarty, M. (1999). Graphs as aids to knowledge construction: Signaling techniques for guiding the process of graph comprehension. Journal of Educational Psychology, 91, 690. doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.91.4.690

1998

Hansen, S., Schrimpsher, D., Narayanan, N.H., & Hegarty, M. (1998). Empirical studies of animation-embedded hypermedia algorithm visualizations. Tech. Rep. CSE98-06. Computer Science and Software Engineering Dept. Auburn University. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/53b4/9671f5bfd4adc3aa7241f6f3f94f184c44b3.pdf

Hegarty, M., Quilici, J., Narayanan, N.H., Holmquist, S., & Moreno, R. (1998). Designing hypermedia manuals to explain how machines work: Lessons from evaluation of a theory-based design. Retrieved from: http://citeseerx.ist.psu.edu/viewdoc/download?doi=10.1.1.459.4314&rep=rep1&type=pdf

Mayer, R. E., Lewis, A. Bovenmyer, & Hegarty, M. (1998). Misunderstandings: Qualitative reasoning about quantitative Problems. Introductory Readings for Cognitive Psychology, 168. doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4115(08)60886-9

Narayanan, N. H., & Hegarty, M. (1998). Intelligible multimedia. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 444–452. Retrieved from: https://www.aaai.org/Papers/Symposia/Spring/2000/SS-00-04/SS00-04-018.pdf

Narayanan, N.H., & Hegarty, M. (1998). On designing comprehensible interactive hypermedia manuals. International Journal of Human-Computer Studies, 48, 267–301. doi.org/10.1006/ijhc.1997.0169

1997

Hegarty, M., & Steinhoff, K. (1997). Individual differences in use of diagrams as external memory in mechanical reasoning. Learning and Individual Differences, 9, 19–42. doi.org/10.1016/S1041-6080(97)90018-2

Narayanan, N. H., & Hegarty, M. (1997). Model-based design of hypermedia presentations. In CHI'97 Extended Abstracts on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Looking to the Future, (pp. 355–356). ACM. doi.org/10.1145/1120212.1120431

Narayanan, N. H., & Hegarty, M. (1997). On designing comprehensible interactive hypermedia manuals. doi.org/10.1006/ijhc.1997.0169

Sims, V. K., & Hegarty, M. (1997). Mental animation in the visuospatial sketchpad: Evidence from dual-task studies. Memory & Cognition, 25, 321–332. doi.org/10.3758/BF03211288

1996

Mayer, R. E., & Hegarty, M. (1996). The process of understanding mathematical problems. The Nature of Mathematical Thinking, 29–53.

Schwartz, D., & Hegarty, M. (1996). Coordinating multiple mental representations for reasoning about mechanical devices. AAAI Spring Symposium on Cognitive and Computational Models of Spatial Representation, 101–109.

1995

Ferguson, E. L., & Hegarty, M. (1995). Learning with real machines or diagrams: Application of knowledge to real-world problems. Cognition and Instruction, 13, 129–160. doi.org/10.1207/s1532690xci1301_4

Hegarty, M., Mayer, R. E., & Monk, C. A. (1995). Comprehension of arithmetic word problems: A comparison of successful and unsuccessful problem solvers. Journal of Educational Psychology, 87, 18. doi.org/10.1037/0022-0663.87.1.18

1994

Ferguson, E. L, & Hegarty, M. (1994). Properties of cognitive maps constructed from texts. Memory & Cognition, 22, 455–473. doi.org/10.3758/BF03200870

Hegarty, M., & Sims, V. K. (1994). Individual differences in mental animation during mechanical reasoning. Memory & Cognition, 22, 411–430. doi.org/10.3758/BF03200867

1993

Hegarty, M., & Just, M. A. (1993). Constructing mental models of machines from text and diagrams. Journal of Memory and Language, 32, 717–742. doi.org/10.1006/jmla.1993.1036

1992

Hegarty, M., Mayer, R. E., & Green, C. E. (1992). Comprehension of arithmetic word problems: Evidence from students' eye fixations. Journal of Educational Psychology, 84, 76. Retrieved from: https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/91e9/fb36d8d6d639c9937449897aea1f992bc805.pdf

Hegarty, M. (1992). Mental animation: inferring motion from static displays of mechanical systems. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 1084. doi.org/10.1037/0278-7393.18.5.1084

Hegarty, M. (1992). The mechanics of comprehension and comprehension of mechanics. In Eye movements and visual cognition (pp. 428–443). Springer New York. doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4612-2852-3_26

Mayer, R. E., Lewis, A. Bovenmyer, & Hegarty, M. (1992). Mathematical misunderstandings: Qualitative reasoning about quantitative problems. The Nature and Origins of Mathematical Skills, 137–153. doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4115(08)60886-9

1991

Hegarty, M., Carpenter, P. A., & Just, M. Adam. (1991). Diagrams in the comprehension of scientific texts.

Hegarty, M. (1991). Knowledge and processes in mechanical problem solving. In R. J. Sternberg & P. A. Frensch (Eds.), Complex Problem Solving: Principles and Mechanisms (pp. 253-285). Hillsdale, NJ, US: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.

1989

Hegarty, M., & Just, M. Adam. (1989). Understanding machines from text and diagrams. In knowledge acquisition from text and pictures (p. 171). Elsevier. doi.org/10.1016/S0166-4115(08)62154-8

1988

Hegarty, M., Just, M. Adam, & Morrison, I. R. (1988). Mental models of mechanical systems: Individual differences in qualitative and quantitative reasoning. Cognitive Psychology, 20, 191–236. doi.org/10.1016/0010-0285(88)90019-9

1987

Greaney, V., & Hegarty, M. (1987). Correlates of leisure-time reading. Journal of Research in Reading, 10, 3–20. doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9817.1987.tb00278.x

Just, M. A., & Hegarty, M. (1987). Understanding Machines from Text and Diagrams. CARNEGIE-MELLON UNIV PITTSBURGH PA DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY.